Villanueva, Luis A.

Expected completion: Spring 2014

Curriculum Vitae

Dissertation Title
The political economy of growth and inequality in Latin America

Dissertation Advisor
Duncan Foley

Dissertation Abstract
My dissertation investigates issues of growth and inequality from a political economy perspective in three different ways; the first has a theoretical approach and compares the Latin American structuralism and the Anglo-Saxon approaches of growth and inequality, contrasting modeling approaches and the implications of assumptions in the predictions and insights obtained in each tradition. The second studies the empirical relationship between patterns of growth and personal income inequality for a sample of Latin American countries, during the 1963-2008 period. The main finding reveals that the persistence of increases (or decreases) in income inequality is closely associated with the persistence of political and economic coalitions rather than the patterns of growth that emerge in a particular period. This finding allows us to provide an alternative explanation for increases in inequality during the initial periods of military dictatorships as well as the reduction in inequality in recent periods in the region. The third approach of my research uses input output analysis to study the relationship between globalization (measured by the openness index) and income inequality in a sample of Latin American economies at different levels of income distribution (deciles). The results bring evidence that the structure of the export sector as well as the strength of the linkages between the dynamic sectors and the rest of the economy matters for equality.

Fields of expertise
Teaching: Development economics, Macroeconomics, Political Economy, Mathematics for Economists, Econometrics
Research: Economic Development, Classical Political Economy, Input Output analysis, Agent Based Modeling, Economic History of Latin America


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