The University in Exile

Between 1933 and 1945, Alvin Johnson and the New School sponsored 183 refugee scholars, more than any other American institution. Of the original twelve refugees— eleven men and one woman—all were fervent antifascists and almost all were Jewish. Below is the complete list of scholars and artists helped by the school.

Franz L. Alt Austria / economics, statistics
Rudolf Arnheim Germany / psychology of art
Solomon Asch Germany / psychology
Max Ascoli Italy / political science
Pierre Auger France / physics

Paul Baran Poland / economics
Marcel Barzin Belgium / philosophy
Jean Benoit-Levy France / education
Adolph Berger Poland / history of law
Erich Berger Germany
Herbert Berghof Austria / acting, dramaturgy
Gregor Bienstock Russia / economics
Elie Bikerman Russia / ancient history
Karl Birnbaum Germany / psychiatry
Herbert Block Germany / economics
G.A. Borgese Italy / political science
Arnold Brandt Germany / law, political science
Karl Brandt Germany / agricultural science
Felix W. Brentano Austria / dramaturgy
Camillo Brooke Austria / food chemistry
Warner E. Brooke Germany / economics

Theophile Cahn France / biochemistry
Renata Calabresi Italy / psychology
Gustave Cohen France / French literature
Gerhard Colm Germany / economics
Paolo Contini Italy / political science
Nine Coucroun Algeria / biophysics
Ladislas Czettel Hungary / set design

Ernst Döblin Germany / economics
Irma Dombois-Bartenieff Germany / dance
Eufrosina Dvoichenko-Markoff Russia / Russian literature

Gertrude von Eckardt Germany / gymnastics
Henry W. Ehrmann Germany / political science
Fritz Eichenberg Germany / graphic arts
Mario Einaudi Italy / political science
Hanns Eisler Germany / composition, music theory
Boris Ephrussi Russia / genetics

Arthur Feiler Germany / economics
Ernst T. Ferand Hungary / musicology
Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster Germany / education, philosophy
Joseph Frank Austria / architecture
Hans E. Fried Austria / comparative government
Victor Fuchs Austria / opera performance

George Garvy Russia / economics
Trude Goth Germany / dance
Max Graf Austria / musicology
Henri Gregoire Belgium / Byzantine studies
Leo Gross Poland / political science
Judith Grunfeld Germany / economics
Emil Julius Gumbel Germany / statistics
Georges Gurvitch Russia / sociology
Erich Gutkind Germany / philosophy, sociology

Jacques Hadamard France / mathematics
Albert Halasi Hungary / economics
Ernst Hamburger Germany / political science
Frederick Haussmann Germany / international law
Werner Hegemann Germany / city planning
Eduard Heimann Germany / economics
John L. Herma Austria / psychology
Paul Hermberg Germany / statistics
Léon Herrmann France / classics
Antonin Heythum Czechoslovakia / architecture
Charlotta Heythum Czechoslovakia / graphics
Dietrich von Hildebrand Germany / philosophy
Julius Hirsch Germany / industrial management
Lydia Hoffmann-Behrendt Russia / piano performance
Ernst Honigmann Germany / historical geography
Jascha Horenstein Russia / conducting
Erich von Hornbostel Germany / sociology of music
Erich Hula Austria / political science,international law

Alexander Ince Hungary / theater arts

Alfred Kähler Germany / economics
Erich Kahler Czechoslovakia / history
Ernst Kahn Germany / social policy
Hermann Kantorowicz Germany / law
Georg Katona Hungary / economics, psychology
Felix Kaufmann Austria / philosophy
Hans Kelsen Czechoslovakia / law
Alexander Koyré Russia / philosophy
Maurice Kraitchik Russia / mathematics
Ernst Kris Austria / psychology

Fritz Lachmann Germany / economics
Michael Laskowski Russia / agricultural chemistry
Charles F. Leblonde France / medicine
Emil Lederer Germany / economics
Fritz Lehmann Germany / economics
Charles Leirens Belgium / musicology
Friedrich W. Lenz Germany / classics
Paul Leser Germany / anthropology
Wolf Leser Poland / oriental languages
Nino Levi Italy / law
Claude Lévi-Strauss France / sociology, ethnology
Ernst Levy Germany / psychology
Maria Ley Piscator Austria / dance, theater
Rudolf Littauer Germany / industrial law
Karl Loewith Germany / philosophy
Adolph Lowe Germany / economics

Julian Maes Belgium / medicine
Michael Magat Russia / physical chemistry
Bronislaw Malinowski Poland / anthropology
Thérèse Marix France / French literature
Jakob Marschak Russia / economics
Carl Mayer Germany / sociology
Alfredo Mendizabal Spain / international law, philosophy of law
Julie Meyer Germany / sociology
Paolo Milano Italy / comparative literature
Boris Mirkine-Guetzévitch Russia / political science
Franco Modigliani Italy / economics
Robert Mosse France / economics

Hans Neisser Germany / economics
Hans Neufeld Austria / theater arts
Max Nurnberg Germany / social policy

Charles Oberling France / medicine
Irma Otte-Betz Austria / dance
Amédée Ozenfant France / physics

Alexander Pekelis Russia / business law
Francis Perrin France / physics
Jean Perrin France / physics
Werner Pese Germany / economics
Roger Picard France / economics
Kurt Pinthus Germany / dramaturgy, literature
Erwin Piscator Germany / theater arts
Miguel Z. Pizarro Spain / Hispanic studies
Julius Pless Czechoslovakia / biochemistry

Enrique R. Ramos Spain / law
Wilhelm Reich Austria / psychology
Fritz Reiche Germany / physics
Arnold Reichenberger Germany / romance languages
Hilde Reiss Germany / architecture
Kurt Riezler Germany / philosophy
Ernst Rinner Germany / social policy
Fernando de los Rios Spain / political science
Kurt Roesch Germany / painting
Henri E.A.M. Rolin Belgium / law, sociology
Solomon Rosenblum Poland / physics
Louis Rougier France / philosophy

Eugene Sagi Czechoslovakia / biochemistry
Albert Salomon Germany / sociology
Gottfried Salomon Germany / sociology
Gaetano Salvemini Italy / history
George de Santillana Italy / history of science
Raymond de Saussure Switzerland / psychiatry
Rudolf Schaeffer Germany / linguistics
Paul Schrecker Austria / philosophy
Franz Schueck Germany / medicine
Richard Schueller Austria / economics
Alfred Schutz Austria / sociology
Balduin Schwarz Germany / philosophy
Solomon Schwarz Russia / social policy, economics
Angelo Piero Sereni Italy / international law
Hans Simons Germany / political science
Hans Sondheimer Germany / theater
Hans Speier Germany / sociology
André Spire France / literature
Hans Staudinger Germany / economics
Catherine Stern Germany / psychology
Leo Strauss Germany / philosophy
George Szell Hungary / musicology

Rafael Taubenschlag Poland / history of law
Alfred Thomas Germany / engineering
Ernst Toch Austria / musicology
Rudolf Treuenfels Germany / marketing
Alexander Turyn Poland / classics

Rustem Vambery Hungary / law
Paul Vaucher Switzerland / social history
Lionello Venturi Italy / art history

Jean Wahl France / philosophy
André Weil France / mathematics
Jean Weiler France / economics
Max Wertheimer Czechoslovakia / psychology
John Simon White Austria / literature
Aniuta Winter Poland / medicine
Ernst Karl Winter Austria / sociology, political science
Kurt Wohl Germany / chemistry
Eva Wunderlich Germany / comparative literature
Frieda Wunderlich Germany / social policy
Georg Wunderlich Germany / law
René Wurmser France / biophysics
Julius Wyler Switzerland / economics, statistics

A.S. Yahuda Palestine / Oriental studies

Ignace Zlotowski Poland / chemistry
Paul Zucker Germany / art history
Carl Zuckmayer Germany / writing, dramaturgy

 
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