Detail from comic strip, red scare, yellow curtain, George Bates
June 26 – September 3, 2014
Opening reception: June 26, 6-8 pm
Sheila C. Johnson Design Center
Anna-Maria and Stephen Kellen Gallery
Sheila C. Johnson Design Center,
Parsons The New School for Design
June 5, 2014 Twenty-five years ago, a furor erupted at The New School when Sekou Sundiata, poet, performer and professor, stung by an image exhibited in the Parsons Galleries, scrawled his dissent across it in the form of an “X”. His mark inspired others, and soon there were over 40 signatures covering the image. Part of an exhibition of the work of Japanese designer Shin Matsunaga, the offending image was a minstrel show blackface figure, the long-time logo of a soft-drink company. It was 1989 amid the “culture wars” when representations of race, religion and homosexuality in artistic imagery were under attack by the religious right in an aggressive campaign against
the National Endowment for the Arts.
The responses at the university were complex. They ranged from celebrations of academic freedom and freedom of expression to questions of artistic censorship and defacement, from expressions of extreme distress and anger to reviews of procedures for exhibitions, contextual signage and disclaimers.
This wasn’t the first time art and politics had met in a volatile conjuncture at The New School. Each time, the controversy torqued the relationship between the identity born of the school’s founding ideals – “freedom of opinion, of teaching, of research, of publication,” as the first director, Alvin Johnson put it – and the experiences of its constitutively diverse community.
This exhibition explores the ways in which offense has been given (and taken) and dissent expressed (and managed) through three incidents in the history of The New School: the 1951 and ’53 curtaining of the Orozco murals during the red scare years; the 1970 anti-war exhibition put up by Parsons students, in lieu of a senior show, in solidarity with the National Student Strike in response to the Kent State shootings and the U.S. bombing of Cambodia; and the 1989 Matsunaga affair.
Through memoranda, letters, posters, press coverage, catalogues, illustrations, graphics and interviews, largely drawn from The New School Archives and Special Collections, as well as two original editorial illustrations produced for the exhibition, the exhibition traces the rapid-fire interchange of various perspectives and reactions in each instance. They demonstrate in real time the power of images both to inspire and to wound.
“The New School has always been an experiment in education and community building,” said co-curators and New School professors Julia Foulkes and Mark Larrimore, “This history offers inspirational episodes as well as cautionary ones—it’s a more useful past than the myths we often perpetuate.”
A participatory component draws this historical conversation into the present, through responses of The New School faculty, staff and students to art work from The New School Art Collection that hangs on its walls or the design of a space at the university that govern the rhythms of everyday life in the institution. Their observations unsettle the ways in which rights, place and belonging are understood in an educational context.
“Given the current debates on trigger warnings in classrooms and campuses, the questions of rights, exclusion, claims and disavowals illuminated in this exhibition have renewed relevance,” said professor Radhika Subramaniam, director/chief curator of the Sheila C. Johnson Design Center, and co-curator of this exhibition.
Following last year’s exhibition at the SJDC, Masterpieces of Everyday New York: Objects as Story, this is the second to explore the diversity of the university community, asking who we mean when we say “we.”
Curators: Julia Foulkes, Mark Larrimore and Radhika Subramaniam.
Research assistant: Laura Wing
In collaboration with The New School Archives and Special Collections and The New School Art Collection.
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The Sheila C. Johnson Design Center is an award-winning campus center for Parsons The New School for Design that combines learning and public spaces with exhibition galleries to provide an important new downtown destination for art and design programming. The mission of the Center is to generate an active dialogue on the role of innovative art and design in responding to the contemporary world. Its programming encourages an interdisciplinary examination of possibility and process, linking the university to local and global debates. The center is named in honor of its primary benefactor, New School Trustee and Parsons Board of Governor’s Member Sheila C. Johnson. The design by Rice+Lipka Architects is the recipient of numerous awards, including an Honor Award from the American Institute of Architects. For more information please visit www.newschool.edu/sjdc.
Parsons The New School for Design is one of the leading institutions for art and design education in the world. Based in New York but active around the world, the school offers undergraduate and graduate programs in the full spectrum of art and design disciplines. Critical thinking and collaboration are at the heart of a Parsons education. Parsons graduates are leaders in their respective fields, with a shared commitment to creatively and critically addressing the complexities of life in the 21st century. For more information, please visit www.newschool.edu/parsons.
The New School Archives and Special Collections constitutes and ensures the institutional memory of The New School. The Archives manages, documents, preserves, describes, and makespublicly available the many manifestations and histories of all divisions of The New School as it evolves,including Mannes and Parsons from their founding as institutions independent of The New School.Through its holdings and activities,the Archives activates, supports, and broadcaststhe university's commitment to an innovative, cross-disciplinary educational mission that links scholarship and social engagement, demonstrating to a global audience of researchers, professionals, documentarians, and others, the impact that the university, through itsfaculty and graduates,has upon a rich array of academic, art and design disciplines and practices.Through instruction and collaboration with faculty and students across The New School, the Archives facilitates the integration of archival research methodologies into curricula, produces public programs and exhibitions, and functions as a laboratory for investigation into aspects of archival practice, methodology, and theory, contributing to studies of material culture, media, and the nature of history and memory-formation. For more information, please visit http://library.newschool.edu/speccoll/index.php
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SJDC General Information
Location: 2 West 13th Street, New York
Gallery hours: Open daily 12:00 p.m. - 6:00 p.m. and Thursday evenings until 8:00 p.m.; closed all major holidays and holiday eves
Info: Please contact 212.229.8919 or visit www.newschool.edu/sjdc