German History since 1870
"Five Germanys in a lifetime." Historian Fritz Stern's much-noted biography encompasses a stunning series of changes in Germany's political system. The 20th century was witness to the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the "Third Reich", two post-war Germanys during the Cold War, and a reunified Germany after 1989/90. This course takes a long view of German history, identifying key caesuras within it, and exploring contending explanations about these radical transformations: from the perspective of state or society, elites or ordinary people, individual or generational experiences, perpetrators or victims, historical reflection or memory?