Emancipation, Catastrophe, Renewal: Jewish History in 20th Century Germany
Before 1933, Germany was one of Europe’s richest in Jewish tradition and history. Ten years later, Germany was declared "judenrein" ("free of Jews"). This course will examine the history of Jewish life in Germany since the foundation of the Kaiserreich in 1871. A special focus will be given to the rise of modern anti-Semitism and the persecution of Jews in Nazi Germany, beginning with social and economic exclusion and ending with the Holocaust. The course will also explore the reappearance of Jewish life in Germany after 1945: The presence of Jewish Displaced Persons from Eastern Europe and their difficult social situation in post-war Germany, the rebuilding of local Jewish communities in the Federal Republic and the GDR, and, finally, the massive immigration of Jews after the collapse of the Soviet Union.