CD and DVD Writing

FAQ Topcs

 General

 Q: What is the difference between a CD and a DVD?

 A: DVDs can store more than CDs. The table below details the comparisons.

  DVD CD
Max File Size
  • Data: 4.7 GB
  • Compressed Video: 60 min.
  • Data: 650 MB
  • Music: 74 min.

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Q: What is the difference between a CD-R and CD-RW as well as DVD-R and DVD+R?

A: The difference between a CD-R and CD-RW as well as DVD-R and DVD+R are as follows:

  •  CD-R (Compact Disk Recordable): Data can only be written once onto the disk
  •  CD-RW (Compact Disc Rewritable): Data can be written and erased on the same disc multiple times
  •  DVD-R (Digital Video/Versatile Disk Recordable): -R is one industry standard, supported by AT Labs.
  •  DVD+R: + R is another industry standard, supported by AT Labs.

All stations in the labs and classrooms in 55 W13th support all formats. DVD±R DL/ DVD±RW / CD-RW. Mac classrooms outside of 55 west 13th which only support DVD-R/CD-RW only 

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Q: Where and how can I burn a CD or a DVD in the AT Labs?

A: All Mac and PC stations have internal CD/DVD Drives which also have the capacity to write. There are several programs available to burn data, audio or video on a CD or a DVD. The table below indicates what applications are available and for what media they use.

 

Mac CD/DVD Writing Software DVD CD
Burn YES YES
Disk Utility YES YES
iTunes (for Audio) YES YES
iDVD (for Video) YES NO
DVD Studio Pro (for video YES NO


Windows PC CD/DVD Writing Software DVD CD
Windows DVD Maker YES NO
iTunes (for Audio) YES YES
Adobe Encore (for Video) YES NO
CDBurnerXP NO YES

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Q: Where should I put the files I want to copy when I get ready to write my CD or DVD?

A: On the Mac and Windows PC, place all your files in Work In Progress, located on the desktop. Do not write the CD or DVD directly from files on your flash drive (also known as a USB Memory Stick), the Internet, or the Drop Box because the computer will crash or your files may become corrupted.

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Q: What's the difference between writing a "session" and a "disk" in the CD burning software?

A: The difference between writing a "session" and a "disk" in the CD burning software is as follows:

  • Writing a "session" allows you to add more files to a CD-R (a non-rewritable disk) disk in the future, provided there is space on the disk available.
  • Writing a "disk" will finalize the contents of the CD and you will not be able to add any additional files in the future. Some CD and DVD players will not play a disk that has not been finalized.

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Q: What is a Disk Image?

A: A disk image is an exact binary copy of an entire disk or drive. It is not just a collection of files or folders but is an exact duplicate of the raw data of the original disk, sector by sector. Since disk images contain the raw disk data, it is possible to create an image of a disk written in an unknown format or even under an unknown operating system.

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Q: Do I have to worry about burning copyrighted material?

A: Yes, definitely. The unauthorized reproduction or distribution of copyrighted work is illegal. Criminal copyright infringement, including infringement without monetary gain, is investigated by the FBI and is punishable by up to five years in federal prison and a fine of $250,000.

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Copying Files to CD/DVD: Mac Applications

Burn X

Q: How do I burn a CD/DVD on a Mac when using Burn?

A: To burn a CD/DVD on a Mac when using Burn, follow these steps:

  1. Double check that the files you want to burn are located in the Work In Progress drive.
  2. Launch the application Burn. Burn is found under Utilities in the Dock's Apple menu.
  3. Drag and drop your files into the Burn window. Name your CD by entering a name in the field provided. If you wish you can organize your files in folders and name your disk project.
  4. Insert your CD.
  5. Click 'Burn.'

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Disk Utility

Q: How do I copy or duplicate a CD/DVD on a Mac using Disk Utility?

A: This method involves the creation of a Disk Image. A disk image is an exact binary copy of an entire disk or drive. It is not just a collection of files or folders but is an exact duplicate of the raw data of the original disk, sector by sector. You can make multiple exact copies from a disk image.

  1. Launch Disk Utility. Disk Utility is found under Utilities in the Dock's Apple menu
  2. Insert the CD or DVD disk in your computer's optical drive and select it in the list of disks and volumes on the left.
  3. In Disk Utility, click on 'New Image.' Type a name for the disk image and choose an image format.
  4. Click Save. (This will save a disk image file with the extension '.cdr.' This disk image will then be listed in Disk Utility's left column)
  5. When creating the disk image finishes, eject the original CD or DVD and insert a blank CD or DVD.
  6. Select the disk image in the list and click 'Burn'.

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Q: How do I burn sessions onto a DVD with Disk Utility?

A: Create a Disk Image in order to burn a DVD with sessions. To burn sessions onto a DVD follow these instructions:

  1. Save the material you wish to burn in a folder and transfer it to the "Work in Progress" of a Disk Utility station
  2. Open Disk Utilities
  3. Go to File > New > Disk Image from Folder, select your folder, change image format to read/write, click save
  4. Select your image from the toolbar, click on the yellow/black burn icon
  5. Insert your DVD
  6. Click 'Burn'

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Q: How do I erase a CD-RW or DVD-RW on a Mac using Disk Utility?

A: Launch Disk Utility. Disk Utility is found under Utilities in the Dock's Apple menu. Select your disk from the list of disks and volumes on the left. Click on the 'Erase' tab. Under 'Volume Format' choose 'Mac OS extended (Journaled).' If you want to erase the entire contents of the disk by writing zeros, click Security Options, then select the option you want and click OK. Click 'Erase'.

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Copying Files to CD/DVD: Windows PC Applications

Drag & Drop

Q: How do I burn a CD/DVD on a Windows PC by using Drag-and-drop?

A: Insert a blank CD. Double click on the CD drive under 'My Computer' and drag the files you wish to burn from Work In Progress to the CD drive's window. If you have inserted rewriteable media it will ask whether you want to use this disc "like a USB Flash Drive" or "with a CD/DVD player." Read and follow prompts on the screen to proceed.

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Q: How do I erase a CD-RW or DVD+RW on a Windows PC?

A: Insert a rewriteable CD (CD-RW) or DVD (DVD+RW). Double click on the CD/DVD drive under 'My Computer.' Click on "Erase this" and follow the prompts on the screen.

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CDBurnerXP

Q: How do I burn a CD on a Windows PC when using CDBurnerXP?

A: To burn a CD on a Windows PC when using CDBurnerXP, follow these instructions:

  1. Double check that the files you want to burn are located in Work In Progress.
  2. Open CD Burner XP. It is located under Start Menu > Utilities. 3. Select "Create Data Disc" option from the startup screen
  3. The top windowpane represents files on the computer and the bottom windowpane represents files to be written on the CD. Drag your files from the top pane to the bottom pane. If you wish you can organize your files in folders and name your disk project by right clicking on the disc icon under "Disc - Data Compilation" in the lower left-hand corner of the window.
  4. Click 'Burn' in toolbar ; a popup will describe your settings. If you want to write more files to this CD later, choose 'Leave disk open'.

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Creating a Video DVD or Audio CD

Q: How do I make a DVD video?

A: When burning a DVD video, use iDVD (for Mac), DVD Studio Pro (for Mac), Windows DVD Maker or Adobe Encore (for Windows PC). Follow the prompts. You can create a simple title menu. DVD-R is the recommended standard, because it works with more DVD Players than other formats

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Q: How do I burn music or sound onto a CD using iTunes?

A: You may make an MP3 CD or an audio CD for your CD player. Launch iTunes. To import files from an audio CD and burn them to disk:

  1. Open iTunes and insert your music CD.
  2. Import your sound files by clicking 'Add files to library.' Your files will be added to the iTunes Library
  3. Make a new playlist, File > New Playlist.
  4. Drag your sound files from the iTunes Library to your new playlist.
  5. Click 'Burn,' you will be prompted to insert a blank disk. 

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Q: How do I make a DVD video using Apple's iDVD?

A: To make a DVD video using Apple's iDVD, follow these instructions:

  1. Make sure that your video is in Quicktime format. The extension for a Quicktime movie is usually '.mov.'
  2. Launch iDVD. iDVD is located under Multimedia Applications in the Dock's Apple menu. Save and name your project.
  3. In iDVD go to File>Import. Your Quicktime movie will be imported and iDVD will begin converting it to MPEG format.
  4. Click 'Customize'. A drawer will open allowing you to manipulate various options. If you wish you can organize and design your DVD menu by clicking 'Themes' or 'Settings.'
  5. Double check that your DVD menu works as you would like it by clicking 'Preview.' Click 'Preview' again to return to the editing mode.
  6. When you are satisfied with your menu design, click 'Burn.' iDVD will prompt you to insert your DVD.

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Compatibility

Q: Why won't all the files on my multiple-session disk show up on a Windows PC?

A: A Windows PC will only recognize the first session of a Mac-created multiple session disk.

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Q: How can I make sure my CD or DVD works on both Mac and Windows PC?

A: Windows writers burn hybrid disks that can be used on both Windows PCs and Macs. Macs, however, can be set either for Mac-reading only, or for cross-platform use. Burn should default to a "Mac+PC" formatting option. Make sure this is selected so that the disc can be read on both platforms. With iTunes, you only can burn audio or mp3, so this does not apply.

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Q: Where can I learn more about DVDs and compatibility?

A: A good site is www.videohelp.com.

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