The worst drought in 60 years has caused more than 13.3 million people from the Horn of Africa to flood the borders of Kenya in search of food, shelter, and water. Decades of intertribal and clan war, severe resource depletion and the absence of governance have led to an outbreak of famine. This hunger crisis has left millions displaced and NGOs stretched beyond their capacity. While governments struggle to deliver life saving assistance amidst poor economic conditions and opposition by terrorist forces, it is apparent that a new approach in handling famine and food insecurity is necessary.
How can Africa develop a stronger agricultural sector? What improvements must be made to the economic and social infrastructure to ensure food access in the event of another drought? Is the “green revolution,” the movement toward smallholder agricultural development, the answer? Can the international community fill the financing gap in emergency needs for the Horn as aid funding decreases?
, the Milano School of International Affairs, Management and Urban Policy
, and the Global Studies
program host a roundtable discussion addressing these questions and more. The panel features experts who provide an overview of the key challenges and obstacles facing people in Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Somalia. The panelists discuss recent political and economic initiatives, ongoing efforts to build sustainable agriculture in the region, the role of foreign aid in the progression of famines, and the impact of biodiversity on food security. They also discuss new ways to strengthen the humanitarian response and the movement toward food sovereignty through GMOs.
- Sibi Lawson-Marriott, external relations officer for Southern and East Africa at the World Food Program
- Duncan McLean, director of operations for Somalia at Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières
- James Phelan, development director at Action Against Hunger