A World on the Move: International Migration in the Making of Modernity
The course begins with the triggering of of religious and ethnic refugee-flows in the course of state-formation (expulsion or flight of Jews and Moslems from Spain and Portugal; of Protestants from the southern Low Countries and France; of Catholics from Britain). It then considers white settlement in the Americas, Africa, and Oceania as well as the African slave trade as essential tools of Europe's imperial expansion. The next segment examines changing state postures toward emigration and immigration, in relation to evolving demographics, modes of transportation, production and warfare in the 19th and early 20th centuries. It then goes on to consider the emergence of an international refugee regime in the wake of World War I and II. The final segment reviews contemporary trends, with the emphasis on the world-wide expansion of international migration networks, changing strategies of immigration policy and immigrant integration in contemporary nation-states, both those that consider themselves �nations of immigrants,� such as the US, Canada, Australia, and Argentina, and those that view themselves (often erroneously) as deriving from homogeneous ancestral stock, such as Germany, Britain, France, the Scandinavian countries and even previous "emigration" countries such as Ireland and Italy.